Profilbild Prof. Dr. Karl Fuchs

Prof. Dr. Karl Fuchs

  • Group: Emeritus
Nachruf Prof. Dr. Karl Fuchs
Obituary Prof. Dr. Karl Fuchs

Prof. Dr. Karl Fuchs studied Geophysics in Hamburg, London and Clausthal. After working for the exploration industry (1957-1959) he studied seismic wave propagation in Clausthal for a PhD (1959-1963). As postdoc he did research in Clausthal and the US. In 1965 he changed to the Geophysical Institute in Karlsruhe. From 1971 to 1997 he was head of the institute. Prof. Fuchs did research on seismic wave propagation in the Earth, the structure of the lithosphere and the tectonic stress field. He was a national and international leading geophysicist who served in many boards for the geoscience community and received numerous awards.

Awards and honorary positions

  • Fellow American Geophysical Union (class of 1986)
  • Fellow Geological Society of London (1989)
  • Honorary Fellow Royal Astronomical Society
  • Member Academia Europaea (Earth and Cosmic Sciences, 1990)
  • Initiator and Speaker CRC 108 (1981-1995)
  • President (1977-1979) and Honorary Member (1992) German Geophysical Society
  • Member Heidelberg Academy of Sciences (1990)
  • Visiting Cox-Professor Stanford University 1990 & 1994
  • Vicepresident European Union of Geosciences
  • President International Lithosphere Program (1985-1990)
  • Initiator EUROPROBE
  • Professor honoris causa University of Bucharest (2002)
  • Karl-Heinrich-Heitfeld-Price German GeoUnion (2002)

Publications


2016
Temporal pore pressure induced stress changes during injection and depletion.
Müller, B.; Schilling, F.; Fuchs, K.; Röckel, T.; Heidbach, O.
2016. EGU : European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17th - 22nd April 2016 
2014
Corner Stones. Geophysical Patterns - Traces of Deep Processes Farewell Lecture, Faculty of Physics, Karlsruhe, 28. January 1998.
Fuchs, K.
2014. 50 Years Geophysical Institute Karlsruhe, 1964 to 2014 - Expectations and Surprises. Ed.: C. Prodehl, 23–35, Geophysical Institute (KIT) 
Corner Stones. The reflectivity method - a success story Presentation at Gerhard-Müller-Symposium in 2003 at Neustadt. (slightly modified from Fuchs, 2004).
Fuchs, K.
2014. 50 Years Geophysical Institute Karlsruhe, 1964 to 2014 - Expectations and Surprises. Ed.: C. Prodehl, 18–22, Geophysical Institute (KIT) 
Corner Stones. Reflections on Stephan Mueller’s Talents Address at the opening of the 1st Stephan Mueller Conference (slightly modified from Fuchs, 2002).
Fuchs, K.
2014. 50 Years Geophysical Institute Karlsruhe, 1964 to 2014 - Expectations and Surprises. Ed.: C. Prodehl, 13–17, Geophysical Institute (KIT) 
Expectations, Surprises, Serendipity - Scientific Achievements of the Geophysical Institute after the first 25 years. Presidential address on behalf of the 25th anniversary on 10 September 1989.
Fuchs, K.
2014. 50 Years Geophysical Institute Karlsruhe, 1964 to 2014 - Expectations and Surprises. Ed.: C. Prodehl, 3–11, Geophysical Institute (KIT) 
50 Years Geophysical Institute Karlsruhe, 1964 to 2014 - Expectations and Surprises.
Bohlen, T.; Bonjer, K.-P.; Forbriger, T.; Fuchs, K.; Gottschämmer, E.; et al.
2014. (C. Prodehl, Ed.), Geophysical Institute (KIT) Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
2009
2008
The World Stress Map.
Heidbach, O.; Wenzel, F.; Fuchs, K.; Müller, B.; Reinecker, J.; et al.
2008. Episodes: Journal of International Geoscience, 30 (3), 197–202 
2007
World Stress Map Published.
Heidbach, O.; Wenzel, F.; Müller, B.; Fuchs, K.; Reinecker, J.; et al.
2007. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 88 (47), 504 
Plate boundary forces are not enough: Second- and third-order stress patterns highlighted in the World Stress Map database.
Heidbach, O.; Wenzel, F.; Reinecker, J.; Tingay, M.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
2007. Tectonics, 26 (6), TC6014 
2004
Stress Maps in a Minute: The 2004 World Stress Map Release.
Heidbach, O.; Barth, A.; Connolly, P.; Fuchs, K.; Müller, B.; et al.
2004. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 85 (49), 521–529. doi:10.1029/2004EO490001
2003
Tectonic stress in the earth`s crust: advances in the World Stress Map project.
Sperner, B.; Mueller, B.; Heidbach, O.; Delvaux, D.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
2003. New insights in structural interpretation and modelling. Ed.: D. A. Nieuwland, 101–116, Geological Society 
A new method for smoothing orientated data and its application to stress data.
Mueller, B.; Wehrle, V.; Hettel, S.; Sperner, B.; Fuchs, K.
2003. Fracture and in-situ stress characterization of hydrocarbon reservoirs. Ed.: M. S. Ameen, 107–126, Geological Society 
2002
Global significance of a sub-Moho boundary layer (SMBL) deduced from high-resolution seismic observations.
Fuchs, K.; Tittgemeyer, M.; Ryberg, T.; Wenzel, F.; Mooney, W.
2002. International geology review, 44 (8), 671–685 
Plate-wide Sn/Pn propagation and a "schlieren" waveguide in the uppermost mantle.
Fuchs, K.; Tittgemeyer, M.; Ryberg, T.; Wenzel, F.
2002. EGS Stephan Mueller special publication series, 2, 1–23 
2000
Erdbeben - Instabilität von Megacities.
Fuchs, K.; Wenzel, F.
2000. Berlin 2000. (Schriften der Mathematisch- Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften. 6.) 
On the nature of Pn.
Tittgemeyer, M.; Wenzel, F.; Fuchs, K.
2000. J. of geophys. res. B 105 (2000) S. 16.173 
1999
Wachsendes Erdbebenrisiko als Herausforderung für Wissenschaft, Technik und Gesellschaft im 21. Jahrhundert.
Fuchs, K.
1999. In: Tagungsband. Symposium Naturkatastrophen in Mittelgebirgsregionen, Karlsruhe 1999. S. 10-11 
Scales of heterogeneities in the continental crust and upper mantle.
Tittgemeyer, M.; Wenzel, F.; Ryberg, T.; Fuchs, K.
1999. Pure and appl. geophys. 156 (1999) S. 29-52 
1998
Calibration of seismograph network may meet test ban treaty’s monitoring needs.
Firbas, P.; Fuchs, K.; Mooney, W. D.
1998. EOS, Trans., Amer. Geophys. Union 79 (1998) H. 35 S. 413-416 
Scattering of teleseismism in the lower crust - observations in Massif Central, France.
Ritter, J.; Kempter, R.; Stoll, G.; Fuchs, K.
1998. Geophys. j. int. 104 (1998) H. 1/3 S. 127-146 
1997
Upper mantle heterogeneities from active and passive seismology.
Fuchs, K.; [Hrsg.].
1997. Dordrecht 1997. (NATO ASI series. Ser. 1, Vol. 17.) 
Scattering of teleseismic waves in the lower crust. Observations in the Massif Central, France.
Ritter, J. R. R.; Mai, P. M.; Stoll, G.; Fuchs, K.
1997. Physics of the earth and planetary interiors, 104 (1-3), 127–146. doi:10.1016/S0031-9201(97)00046-0
Elastic properties of crust and upper mantle - a new view.
Wenzel, F.; Fuchs, K.; Enderle, U.; Tittgemeyer, M.
1997. In: Proceedings. 30th International Geological Congress. Vol. 4: Structure of the lithosphere and deep processes. 1997. S. 31-43 
Estimation of the complete stress tensor to 8 km depth in the KTB scientific drill holes: implications for crustal strength.
Brudy, M.; Zoback, M. D.; Fuchs, K.; Rummel, F.; Baumgaertner, J.
1997. J. of geophys. res. B 102 (1997) S. 18.453-18.475 
Small-scale heterogeneities of the upper mantle.
Wenzel, F.; Fuchs, K.; Tittgemeyer, M.; Ryberg, T.
1997. In: Upper mantle heterogeneities from active and passive seismology. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Dordrecht 1997. S. 215-224. (NATO ASI series. Ser. 1, Vol. 17.) 
Observation of teleseismic Psub(n)/Ssub(n) on super long-range profiles in northern Eurasia and their implications for the structure of the lithosphere.
Tittgemeyer, M.; Ryberg, T.; Fuchs, K.; Wenzel, F.
1997. In: Upper mantle heterogeneities from active and passive seismology. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Dordrecht 1997. S. 63-74. (NATO ASI series. Ser. 1, Vol. 17.) 
Major features of the mantle velocity structure beneath northern Eurasia from long-range seismic recordings of peaceful nuclear explosion.
Mechie, J.; Egorkin, A. V.; Solodilov, L.; Fuchs, K.; Lorenz, F.; et al.
1997. In: Upper mantle heterogeneities from active and passive seismology. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Dordrecht 1997. S. 33-50. (NATO ASI series. Ser. 1, Vol. 17.) 
Conservation of lithospheric DSS-data.
Fuchs, K.; Wenzel, F.
1997. In: Upper mantle heterogeneities from active and passive seismology. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Dordrecht 1997. S. 11-32. (NATO ASI series. Ser. 1, Vol. 17.) 
Styles of continental rifting: crust-mantle detachment and mantle plumes.
Zeyen, H.; Sobolev, S.; Volker, F.; Fuchs, K.; Altherr, R.; et al.
1997. In: Structure and dynamic processes in the lithosphere of the Afro-Arabian rift system. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Amsterdam 1997. S. 329-352. (Tectonophysics. 278,1/4.) 
Synopsis SFB 108 - Stress and stress release in the lithosphere.
Fuchs, K.
1997. In: Stress and stress release in the lithosphere. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Amsterdam 1997. S. 1-14. (Tectonophysics. 275,1/3.) 
The lithosphere beneath the Afro-Arabian rift system.
Prodehl, C.; Fuchs, K.; Mechie, J.
1997. In: Structure and dynamic processes in the lithosphere of the Afro-Arabian rift system. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Amsterdam 1997. S. 1-13. (Tectonophysics. 278,1/4.) 
Analysis of borehole televiewer measurements in the Vorotilov drillhole, Russia - first results.
Huber, K.; Fuchs, K.; Schmitt, D.; [u.a.].
1997. In: Stress and stress release in the lithosphere. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Amsterdam 1997. S. 261-272. (Tectonophysics. 275,1/3.) 
Short-scale variations of tectonic regimes in the western European stress province north of the Alps and Pyrenees.
Mueller, B.; Wehrle, V.; Zeyen, H.; Fuchs, K.
1997. In: Stress and stress release in the lithosphere. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Amsterdam 1997. S. 199-220. (Tectonophysics. 275,1/3.) 
Scales of structure in the lithosphere - images of processes.
Enderle, U.; Tittgemeyer, M.; Itzin, M.; Prodehl, C.; Fuchs, K.
1997. In: Stress and stress release in the lithosphere. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Amsterdam 1997. S. 165-198. (Tectonophysics. 275,1/3.) 
Upper mantle temperatures and lithosphere- asthenosphere system beneath the French Massif Central constrained by seismic, gravity, petrologic and thermal observations.
Sobolev, S.; Zeyen, H.; Granet, M.; Stoll, G.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
1997. In: Stress and stress release in the lithosphere. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Amsterdam 1997. S. 143-164. (Tectonophysics. 275,1/3.) 
The deep crust of the Southern Rhine Graben: reflectivity and seismicity as images of dynamic processes.
Mayer, G.; Mai, P. M.; Plenefisch, T.; Echtler, H.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
1997. In: Stress and stress release in the lithosphere. Ed.: K. Fuchs. Amsterdam 1997. S. 15-40. (Tectonophysics. 275,1/3.) 
An integrated model for the deep structure of the Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya.
Novak, O.; Ritter, J. R. R.; Altherr, R.; Byrne, G. F.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
1997. Tectonophysics, 278 (1-4), 187–209 
The KRISP 94 lithospheric investigation of southern Kenya - the experiments and their main results.
Prodehl, C.; Ritter, J. R. R.; Mechie, J.; Keller, G. R.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
1997. Tectonophysics, 278 (1-4), 121–147. doi:10.1016/S0040-1951(97)00098-X
1995
Seismic images illustrate the deep roots of the Chyulu Hills volcanic area, Kenya.
Ritter, J.; Fuchs, K.; Kaspar, T.; Lange, F.; Nyambok, I.; et al.
1995. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 76 (28), 273–278. doi:10.1029/95EO00164
Observation of high-frequency teleseismic Psub(n) waves on the long-range Quartz profile across Northern Eurasia.
Ryberg, T.; Fuchs, K.; Egorkin, A.; Solodilov, L.
1995. J. of geophys. res. B 100 (1995) S. 18.151-18.163 
Massif Central (France): new constraints on the geodynamical evolution from teleseismic tomography.
Granet, M.; Stoll, G.; Dorel, J.; Achauer, U.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
1995. Geophys. j. int. 121 (1995) S. 33-48 
Finite element modelling of pull-apart basin formation.
Goelke, M.; Cloetingh, S.; Fuchs, K.
1995. Tectonophys. 240 (1994) S. 45-58 
Wave propagation in the heterogeneous lower crust - finite difference calculations.
Karrenbach, M.; Ritter, J.; Fuchs, K.
1995. Stanford Exploration Project, Report No. 80, 549–574, Stanford University 
1993
P-wave mantle velocity structure beneath northern Eurasia from long-range recordings along the profile QUARTZ.
Mechie, J.; Egorkin, A.; Fuchs, K.; Tyberg, T.; Solodilov, L.; et al.
1993. Phys. of the earth and planet. inter. 79 (1993) S. 269-286 
Fluid reservoir (?) beneath the KTB drillbit indicated by seismic shear-wave observations.
Lueschen, E.; Sobolev, S.; Werner, U.; Soellner, W.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
1993. Geophys. res. let. 20 (1993) S. 923-926 
EUROPROBE - auf den Spuren der Geologie des werdenden Europas.
Fuchs, K.
1993. Mitt., Dt. Geophys. Ges. 1992 H. 4 S. 6-12 
Analytical report.
Fuchs, K.; Pezard, P.
1993. In: Megascience. The OECD Forum Deep Drilling. Paris 1993. S. 25-58 
1992
Regional patterns of tectonic stress in Europe.
Mueller, B.; Zoback, M.-L.; Fuchs, K.; Mastin, L.; Gregersen, S.; et al.
1992. J. of geophys. res. B 97 (1992) S. 11783-11804 
Calibration of a seismic 3-component reflection-refraction experiment on the exposed lower crust in Calabria (southern Italy).
Lueschen, E.; Nicolich, R.; Cernobori, L.; Fuchs, K.; Kern, H.; et al.
1992. Terra nova 4 (1992) S. 77-86 
1991
Stress evaluation in offshore regions of Norway.
Spann, H.; Brudy, M.; Fuchs, K.
1991. Terra res. 1991 S. 148-152 
Stress orientation in the KTB pilot hole determined from wellbore breakouts.
Mastin, L.; Heinemann, B.; Krammer, A.; Fuchs, K.; Zoback, M.
1991. Sci. drilling 2 (1991) S. 1-12 
The International Lithosphere Program.
Fuchs, K.
1991. Episodes 13 (1990) S. 239-246 
1990
Global pattern of tectonic stress.
Zoback, M. L.; Zoback, M. D.; Bluemling, P.; Fuchs, K.; [u.a.].
1990. Nature 341 (1989) Nr. 6240 S. 291-298 
Probing the deep crustal stress field and Brittle-Ductile transition.
Zoback, M. L.; Fuchs, K.
1990. In: Beitraege zum 2. KTB-Kolloquium, Giessen 1989. Red.: R. Emmermann. Hannover 1989. S. 323-324. (KTB-Report. 89,3.) 
The structure of the crust in Fennoscandia derived from a joint interpretation of P- and S-wave data of the Fennolora refraction seismic profile.
Stangl, R.; Hauser, F.; Fuchs, K.; Prodehl, C.
1990. In: SFB 108 "Spannung und Spannungsumwandlung in der Lithosphaere", Universitaet Karlsruhe. Berichtsband fuer die Jahre 1987-1989. Karlsruhe 1989. S. 411-451 
Evaluation to four-arm-caliper and televiewer measurements in the KTB-well.
Fuchs, K.; Bluemling, P.; Mastin, L.; Heinemann, B.
1990. In: Beitraege zum 2. KTB-Kolloquium, Giessen 1989. Red.: R. Emmermann. Hannover 1989. S. 385. (KTB-Report. 89,3.) 
Stress orientation in the North Sea and Fennoscandia - a comparison to the central European stressfield.
Clauss, B.; Marquart, G.; Fuchs, K.
1990. In: Earthquakes at North-Atlantic passive margins: neotectonics and postglacial rebound. Proc. of the NATO Advanced Workshop, Vordingborg, Denmark 1988. Ed.: P.W. Basham. 1989. S. 277-287 
Stress orientation in the KTB pilot hole from stress-induced wellbore breakouts.
Mastin, L.; Heinemann, B.; Krammer, A.; Fuchs, K.; Zoback, M. D.
1990. In: Beitraege zum 3. KTB-Kolloquium, Giessen 1990. Red.: R. Emmermann. Hannover 1990. S. 239-256. (KTB-Report. 90,4.) 
Preliminary results of breakout analysis below 500 meters depths in the KTB pilot hole.
Mastin, L.; Heinemann, B.; Fuchs, K.; Zoback, M. D.
1990. In: Rock at great depth. Ed.: V. Maury. Rotterdam 1990 
Auswertungen der Bohrlochgeometriedaten der KTB-Vorbohrung von 500-4000 m Tiefe: Analyse der Breakout-Orientierungen im Hinblick auf das herrschende Spannungsfeld.
Heinemann, B.; Mastin, L.; Fuchs, K.; Zoback, M. D.
1990. In: Grundlagenforschung und Bohrlochgeophysik. Red.: K. Bram. Hannover 1990. Bd. 10. S. 401-432. (KTB-Report. 90,6,a.) 
Super-deep continental drilling and deep geophysical sounding.
Fuchs, K.; Kozlovsky, Y. A.; Krivtsov, A. I.; Zoback, M. D.; [Hrsg.].
1990. Berlin 1990 
Scientific deep drilling and geophysical sounding: a mutual scientific challenge to understand the processes shaping the earth’s crust.
Fuchs, K.; Hubral, P.
1990. In: Super-deep continental drilling and deep geophysical sounding. Hrsg.: K. Fuchs. Berlin 1990. S. 57-69 
Spannungs und Spannungsumwandlung in der Lithosphaere.
Fuchs, K.; Altherr, R.; Strecker, M.
1990. Mitt. d. Senatskomm. f. Geowiss. Gemeinschaftsforschung Geowiss. 18 (1990) 
Geosphere fluctuations and global change - opening.
Fuchs, K.
1990. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 9 (1990) S. 181-184 
Continental drilling: a key project of the International Lithosphere Program (ILP).
Fuchs, K.
1990. In: Super-deep continental drilling and deep geophysical sounding. Hrsg.: K. Fuchs. Berlin 1990. S. 1-4 
1989
Global patterns of tectonic stress.
Zoback, M. L.; Zoback, M. D.; Adams, J.; Assumpção, M.; Fuchs, K.; et al.
1989. Nature <London>, 341 (6240), 291–298. doi:10.1038/341291a0